Anabolic Steroids: Types, Uses, And Risks

Anabolic steroids are prescribed for a wide range of medical issues, but they are also illegally utilized in a number of sports.

They use them to boost muscle development, performance, and endurance while also cutting down on training recuperation time.

The drugs are made from testosterone, the most common male hormone. Testosterone is required for muscular development as well as the development of secondary male sex characteristics including a deeper voice and facial hair.

Anabolic steroids, also known as anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs), can help you grow muscle and improve your athletic abilities, but if used incorrectly, they can have dangerous negative effects.

Long-term, non-medical use has been linked to heart problems, unwanted physical changes, and hatred. The use of steroids for non-medical purposes and the repercussions are raising concerns around the world.

Synthetic analogs of testosterone, the primary male hormone, are known as AASs. Among the organs affected are muscles, bones, hair follicles, liver, kidneys, blood, immunological system, reproductive system, and central nervous system.

Throughout adolescence, testosterone levels rise, allowing for the development of features such as facial and body hair growth, increased height and muscular mass, a deeper voice, and sex drive.

Testosterone may impact competitiveness, self-esteem, and violence, among other things.

Steroids are sometimes used therapeutically, although illegal usage of AASs can include dosages tens to hundreds of times higher than those authorized.

Anabolic Steroids: Types, Uses, And Risks

In the United States, AASs require a prescription, however, this is not the case in many other countries.

All synthetic steroids have muscle-building properties as well as the development of secondary male sexual characteristics. The use of AAS has been linked to an increased risk of heart attack or stroke.

How Do People Use Them?

The use of AASs on a regular basis might lead to tolerance difficulties. They may even lead to the body ceasing to produce testosterone on its own.

Some people take AASs on a daily basis, while others try to mitigate their bad effects by combining them with other medications. These patterns can include:

Cycling: The person takes AASs for 6 to 12 weeks at a time (the "on" period), then goes off for 4 to 6 months.

Stacking: In order to optimize the efficiency of the steroids, users mix multiple different types of steroids or add additional substances. 

Pyramiding: Some people gradually raise the dose until it reaches a high, then decrease it.

While these are common methods of consuming AASs, there is little to no evidence that these methods can reduce the inherent risks. AASs can be used for both therapeutic and illegal purposes:

  • By mouth.
  • Pellets are injected beneath the surface of the skin.
  • By using injections.
  • In the form of a lotion or gel that is applied to the skin.

AASs go through the bloodstream and bind to androgen receptors in muscle tissue. The medicine can then interact with the DNA of the cell, promoting protein synthesis and so cell growth.

ALSO READ: Are Steroids Legal? A Guide To The Laws Surrounding Steroids

What Are The Different Types Of Anabolic Steroids?

What Are The Different Types Of Anabolic Steroids?

There are up to 32 distinct types of anabolic steroids listed on commercial websites. Some, such as Nebido, are only used for medical purposes. Anadrol is a steroid that may be used both medically and for athletic performance.

Others, such as anadur, are used by sportsmen despite having no therapeutic value.

People choose different types for a variety of reasons:

  • To build muscle growth, bulking steroids are employed.
  • Performance-enhancing steroids for strength and endurance
  • Cutting steroids are used to help people lose weight.
  • Healing and rehabilitation, as well as metabolic enhancement, are further reasons for using it.

Oral forms of ASSs, that are consumed via the mouth, can include:

  • Fluoxymesterone (Halotestin), or “Halo”.
  • Mesterolone (Proviron).
  • Methandienone (Dianabol), or “Dbol”.
  • Methyltestosterone (Virilon).
  • Mibolerone (Cheque).
  • Oxandrolone (Anavar, Oxandrin), or “Var”.
  • Oxymetholone (Anadrol), or “Drol”.
  • Stanozolol (Winstrol), or “Winny”.

Injectable forms of ASSs, that are consumed by being injected into the body, can include:

  • Boldenone undecylenate (Equipoise), or “EQ”.
  • Methenolone enanthate (Primobolan), or “Primo”.
  • Nandrolone decanoate (Deca Durabolin), or “Deca”.
  • Nandrolone phenpropionate (Durabolin), or “NPP”.
  • Testosterone cypionate (Depotest).
  • Testosterone enanthate (Andro-Estro).
  • Testosterone propionate (Testex).
  • Trenbolone acetate (Finajet), or “Tren”.

ALSO READ: How Does Anabolic Steroid Use Affect Behavior?

What Are The Risks Of Using Anabolic Steroids?

The negative effects of AAS use vary based on the drug, the user's age and gender, as well as the amount and duration of use.

Legally administered normal-dose anabolic steroids may have the following side effects:

  • Acne.
  • Fluid retention.
  • Pain when urinating.
  • Increased red cell count.
  • Hair loss or growth.
  • Low sperm count/infertility.
  • Changes in libido.
  • Lower "good" HDL cholesterol levels and greater "bad" LDL cholesterol levels.
  • Gynecomastia is the term for enlarged masculine breasts.

When steroids are misused, they can increase the risk of:

  • Issues with the heart and blood vessels.
  • Myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death are two types of myocardial infarction.
  • Tumors and other types of liver damage are among the most prevalent problems.
  • Tendons break due to collagen degradation.
  • Because steroid use changes calcium and vitamin D metabolism, osteoporosis promotes bone loss.

Other health hazards exist in addition to these negative impacts. When injecting steroids using shared needles, the risk of getting or transferring blood-borne infectious illnesses as hepatitis or HIV rises.

Poisoning is a possibility when unapproved products are used.

Final Thoughts

Steroid users who use them for a lengthy period of time may develop psychological issues. These drastic and unwelcome consequences may have an impact on persons who are already prone to such behavior.

Long-term, uncontrolled use of AASs has the potential to affect brain circuits and chemicals in the same way that other drugs, such as opiates, do. In certain cases, this can lead to dependency and addiction.

When someone abusing steroids stops using them, they may have withdrawal symptoms.

Stopping the use of anabolic steroids and seeking medical attention for any behavioral or physical negative effects is the first step in addressing anabolic steroid abuse.

A therapist or an addiction treatment facility may be able to help you.

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